Difference between revisions of "Arugula"

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<p><i><b>Eruca sativa</b></i> (syn. <i>E. vesicaria</i> subsp. <i>sativa</i> (Miller) Thell., <i>Brassica eruca</i> L.), is an edible <a href="/wiki/Annual_plant" title="Annual plant">annual plant</a>, commonly known as <b>rocket</b>, <b>roquette</b>, <b>rucola</b> or <b>arugula</b>, not to be confused with <a href="/wiki/Diplotaxis_tenuifolia" title="Diplotaxis tenuifolia">Wild rocket</a>. It is a species of <i><a href="/wiki/Eruca" title="Eruca">Eruca</a></i> native to the <a href="/wiki/Mediterranean_region" title="Mediterranean region" class="mw-redirect">Mediterranean region</a>, from <a href="/wiki/Morocco" title="Morocco">Morocco</a> and <a href="/wiki/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a> east to <a href="/wiki/Lebanon" title="Lebanon">Lebanon</a> and <a href="/wiki/Turkey" title="Turkey">Turkey</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-mc_0-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-mc-0"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-blamey_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-blamey-1"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup> It is closely related to <i><a href="/wiki/Eruca_vesicaria" title="Eruca vesicaria">Eruca vesicaria</a></i> and included by some botanists in that either as a <a href="/wiki/Subspecies" title="Subspecies">subspecies</a> <i>E. vesicaria</i> subsp. <i>sativa</i><sup id="cite_ref-fnwe_2-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fnwe-2"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup> or not distinguished at all;<sup id="cite_ref-fe_3-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fe-3"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup> it can be distinguished from <i>E. vesicaria</i> by its early <a href="/wiki/Deciduous" title="Deciduous">deciduous</a> <a href="/wiki/Sepal" title="Sepal">sepals</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-fnwe_2-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fnwe-2"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></p>
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[[Image:Arugula.gif|Hello?]]
<p>It is an <a href="/wiki/Annual_plant" title="Annual plant">annual plant</a> growing 20–100 centimetres (8–39 in) in height. The <a href="/wiki/Leaf" title="Leaf">leaves</a> are deeply pinnately lobed with four to ten small lateral lobes and a large terminal lobe. The <a href="/wiki/Flower" title="Flower">flowers</a> are 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) in diameter, arranged in a <a href="/wiki/Inflorescence#Simple_inflorescences" title="Inflorescence">corymb</a>, with the typical <a href="/wiki/Brassicaceae" title="Brassicaceae">Brassicaceae</a> flower structure; the petals are creamy white with purple veins, and the stamens yellow; the sepals are shed soon after the flower opens. The <a href="/wiki/Fruit" title="Fruit">fruit</a> is a <a href="/wiki/Siliqua_(plant)" title="Siliqua (plant)" class="mw-redirect">siliqua</a> (pod) 12–35 millimetres (0.5–1.4 in) long with an apical beak, and containing several <a href="/wiki/Seed" title="Seed">seeds</a> (which are edible). The species has a <a href="/wiki/Chromosome" title="Chromosome">chromosome</a> number of 2<i>n</i> = 22.<sup id="cite_ref-blamey_1-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-blamey-1"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-fnwe_2-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fnwe-2"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-rhs_4-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-rhs-4"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup></p>
 
<p>Vernacular names include <b>garden rocket</b><sup id="cite_ref-fnwe_2-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fnwe-2"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup> or simply <b>rocket</b> (British, Australian, Canadian &amp; New Zealand English),<sup id="cite_ref-blamey_1-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-blamey-1"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup> <b>eruca</b>,<sup id="cite_ref-blamey_1-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-blamey-1"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup> <b>rocket salad</b>,<sup id="cite_ref-usda_5-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-usda-5"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup> and <b>arugula</b> (American English). All names ultimately derive from the Latin word <i>eruca</i>, a name for an unspecified plant in the family Brassicaceae, probably a type of <a href="/wiki/Cabbage" title="Cabbage">cabbage</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-oed_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-oed-6"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup></p>
 
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<h2>Contents</h2>
 
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<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#Ecology"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">Ecology</span></a></li>
 
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-2"><a href="#Cultivation_and_uses"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Cultivation and uses</span></a></li>
 
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-3"><a href="#Gallery"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Gallery</span></a></li>
 
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-4"><a href="#References"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li>
 
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-5"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li>
 
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<h2><span class="editsection">[<a href="/w/index.php?title=Eruca_sativa&amp;action=edit&amp;section=1" title="Edit section: Ecology">edit</a>]</span> <span class="mw-headline" id="Ecology">Ecology</span></h2>
 
<p>It typically grows on dry, disturbed ground.<sup id="cite_ref-blamey_1-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-blamey-1"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-fnwe_2-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fnwe-2"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></p>
 
<p>The leaves are eaten in salads, and also used as a food by the <a href="/wiki/Larva" title="Larva">larvae</a> of some <a href="/wiki/Lepidoptera" title="Lepidoptera">moth</a> species, including the <a href="/wiki/Garden_Carpet" title="Garden Carpet">Garden Carpet moth</a>.</p>
 
<h2><span class="editsection">[<a href="/w/index.php?title=Eruca_sativa&amp;action=edit&amp;section=2" title="Edit section: Cultivation and uses">edit</a>]</span> <span class="mw-headline" id="Cultivation_and_uses">Cultivation and uses</span></h2>
 
<p>It is used as a <a href="/wiki/Leaf_vegetable" title="Leaf vegetable">leaf vegetable</a>, which looks like a longer leaved and open <a href="/wiki/Lettuce" title="Lettuce">lettuce</a>. It is rich in <a href="/wiki/Vitamin_C" title="Vitamin C">vitamin C</a> and <a href="/wiki/Potassium" title="Potassium">potassium</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7"><span>[</span>8<span>]</span></a></sup> It is frequently cultivated, although domestication cannot be considered complete. It has been grown in the <a href="/wiki/Mediterranean_area" title="Mediterranean area" class="mw-redirect">Mediterranean area</a> since <a href="/wiki/Roman_empire" title="Roman empire" class="mw-redirect">Roman</a> times, and is considered an <a href="/wiki/Aphrodisiac" title="Aphrodisiac">aphrodisiac</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8"><span>[</span>9<span>]</span></a></sup> Before the 1990s it was usually collected in the wild and was not cultivated on a large scale or researched scientifically. In addition to the leaves, the flowers (often used in salads as an edible garnish), young seed pods and mature seeds are all edible.</p>
 
<p>It is now cultivated in various places, especially in <a href="/wiki/Veneto" title="Veneto">Veneto</a>, <a href="/wiki/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a>, but is available throughout the world. It is also locally <a href="/wiki/Naturalisation_(biology)" title="Naturalisation (biology)">naturalised</a> away from its native range in temperate regions around the world, including northern Europe and North America.<sup id="cite_ref-blamey_1-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-blamey-1"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-usda_5-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-usda-5"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup> In India, the mature seeds are known as Gargeer.</p>
 
<p>It has a rich, peppery taste, and has an exceptionally strong flavour for a leafy green. It is generally used in <a href="/wiki/Salad" title="Salad">salads</a>, often mixed with other greens in a <a href="/wiki/Mesclun" title="Mesclun">mesclun</a>, but is also cooked as a vegetable or used raw with <a href="/wiki/Pasta" title="Pasta">pasta</a> or meats in northern Italy and in western <a href="/wiki/Slovenia" title="Slovenia">Slovenia</a> (especially in the <a href="/wiki/Slovenian_Istria" title="Slovenian Istria">Slovenian Istria</a>). In <a href="/wiki/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a>, rocket is often used in <a href="/wiki/Pizza" title="Pizza">pizzas</a>, added just before the baking period ends or immediately afterwards, so that it will not wilt in the heat. In the <a href="/wiki/Slovenian_Littoral" title="Slovenian Littoral">Slovenian Littoral</a>, it is often combined with boiled potatoes,<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9"><span>[</span>10<span>]</span></a></sup> also as a soup.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup> In the later periods, it is frequently served together with cheese <a href="/wiki/Burek" title="Burek" class="mw-redirect">burek</a>, especially in the town of <a href="/wiki/Koper" title="Koper">Koper</a>.</p>
 
<p>On the island of <a href="/wiki/Ischia" title="Ischia">Ischia</a> in the <a href="/wiki/Gulf_of_Naples" title="Gulf of Naples">Gulf of Naples</a>, a <a href="/wiki/Digestif" title="Digestif" class="mw-redirect">digestive alcohol</a> called <i>rucolino</i> is made from the plant, a drink often enjoyed in small quantities following a meal. The liquor is a local specialty enjoyed in the same way as a <a href="/wiki/Limoncello" title="Limoncello">limoncello</a> or <a href="/wiki/Grappa" title="Grappa">grappa</a> and has a sweet peppery taste that washes down easily.</p>
 
<p>In <a href="/wiki/Brazil" title="Brazil">Brazil</a>, its use is widespread. Arugula is eaten raw in salads with dressing. A popular combination is arugula mixed with <a href="/wiki/Mozzarella" title="Mozzarella">Mozzarella</a> cheese (normally made out of buffalo dairy) and <a href="/wiki/Sun-dried_tomato" title="Sun-dried tomato">sun-dried tomato</a>.</p>
 
<p>In <a href="/wiki/Egypt" title="Egypt">Egypt</a> the plant is commonly eaten with <a href="/wiki/Ful_medames" title="Ful medames">ful medames</a> for breakfast, and regularly accompanies local seafood dishes.</p>
 
<p>In <a href="/wiki/West_Asia" title="West Asia" class="mw-redirect">West Asia</a> and <a href="/wiki/Northern_India" title="Northern India" class="mw-redirect">Northern India</a>, arugula seeds are pressed to make <a href="/wiki/Taramira_oil" title="Taramira oil">taramira oil</a>, used in pickling and (after aging to remove acridity) as a salad or cooking oil.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11"><span>[</span>12<span>]</span></a></sup> The <a href="/wiki/Seed_cake" title="Seed cake">seed cake</a> is also used as animal feed.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup></p>
 
<h2><span class="editsection">[<a href="/w/index.php?title=Eruca_sativa&amp;action=edit&amp;section=3" title="Edit section: Gallery">edit</a>]</span> <span class="mw-headline" id="Gallery">Gallery</span></h2>
 
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<div style="margin:35px auto;"><a href="/wiki/File:Rocket_Salad,_Arugula,_Roquette,_Rucola,_Rugula_(Eruca_vesicaria_subsp._sativa).jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/Rocket_Salad%2C_Arugula%2C_Roquette%2C_Rucola%2C_Rugula_%28Eruca_vesicaria_subsp._sativa%29.jpg/120px-Rocket_Salad%2C_Arugula%2C_Roquette%2C_Rucola%2C_Rugula_%28Eruca_vesicaria_subsp._sativa%29.jpg" width="120" height="80" /></a></div>
 
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<p>Seed pods</p>
 
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<div style="margin:30px auto;"><a href="/wiki/File:Ful_medames.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e5/Ful_medames.jpg/120px-Ful_medames.jpg" width="120" height="90" /></a></div>
 
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<p>Breakfast from a cart in <a href="/wiki/Cairo" title="Cairo">Cairo</a>, Egypt: Stewed fava beans, pickled vegetables, fresh bread, and fresh rocket.</p>
 
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<div style="margin:30px auto;"><a href="/wiki/File:Flickr_-_cyclonebill_-_Tortellini_med_rucola_og_citronsaft.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/Flickr_-_cyclonebill_-_Tortellini_med_rucola_og_citronsaft.jpg/120px-Flickr_-_cyclonebill_-_Tortellini_med_rucola_og_citronsaft.jpg" width="120" height="90" /></a></div>
 
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<p><a href="/wiki/Tortellini" title="Tortellini">Tortellini</a> with rocket and lemon</p>
 
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<h2><span class="editsection">[<a href="/w/index.php?title=Eruca_sativa&amp;action=edit&amp;section=4" title="Edit section: References">edit</a>]</span> <span class="mw-headline" id="References">References</span></h2>
 
<div class="reflist" style="list-style-type: decimal;">
 
<ol class="references">
 
<li id="cite_note-mc-0"><b><a href="#cite_ref-mc_0-0">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text">Med-Checklist: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://ww2.bgbm.org/mcl/PTaxonDetail.asp?NameId=23937&amp;PTRefFk=1275"><i>Eruca sativa</i></a></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-blamey-1">^ <a href="#cite_ref-blamey_1-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-blamey_1-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-blamey_1-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-blamey_1-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-blamey_1-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-blamey_1-5"><sup><i><b>f</b></i></sup></a> <span class="reference-text">Blamey, M. &amp; Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). <i>Flora of Britain and Northern Europe</i>. <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0340401702" class="internal mw-magiclink-isbn">ISBN 0-340-40170-2</a>.</span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-fnwe-2">^ <a href="#cite_ref-fnwe_2-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-fnwe_2-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-fnwe_2-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-fnwe_2-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-fnwe_2-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <span class="reference-text">Flora of NW Europe: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/BIS/flora.php?selected=beschrijving&amp;menuentry=soorten&amp;id=2395"><i>Eruca vesicaria</i></a></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-fe-3"><b><a href="#cite_ref-fe_3-0">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text">Flora Europaea: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&amp;GENUS_XREF=Eruca&amp;SPECIES_XREF=&amp;TAXON_NAME_XREF=&amp;RANK="><i>Eruca</i></a></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-rhs-4"><b><a href="#cite_ref-rhs_4-0">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text">Huxley, A., ed. (1992). <i>New RHS Dictionary of Gardening</i>. Macmillan <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0333474945" class="internal mw-magiclink-isbn">ISBN 0-333-47494-5</a>.</span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-usda-5">^ <a href="#cite_ref-usda_5-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-usda_5-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <span class="reference-text">USDA Plants Profile: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ERVES"><i>Eruca vesicaria</i> subsp. <i>sativa</i></a></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-oed-6"><b><a href="#cite_ref-oed_6-0">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text"><i><a href="/wiki/Oxford_English_Dictionary" title="Oxford English Dictionary">Oxford English Dictionary</a></i></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-7"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text">NutritionData.com, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.nutritiondata.com/facts-C00001-01c20mn.html">Arugula, Raw</a></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-8"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web">Upton, Julie, RD. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20307213_6,00.html">"7 Foods for Better Sex"</a>. <i>Health.com</i><span class="printonly">. <a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20307213_6,00.html">http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20307213_6,00.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved July 5, 2010</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=bookitem&amp;rft.btitle=7+Foods+for+Better+Sex&amp;rft.atitle=Health.com&amp;rft.aulast=Upton&amp;rft.aufirst=Julie%2C+RD&amp;rft.au=Upton%2C%26%2332%3BJulie%2C+RD&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.health.com%2Fhealth%2Fgallery%2F0%2C%2C20307213_6%2C00.html&amp;rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Eruca_sativa"><span style="display: none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-9"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://www.dnevnik.si/tiskane_izdaje/nedeljski/1042295643">http://www.dnevnik.si/tiskane_izdaje/nedeljski/1042295643</a></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-10"><b><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://www.zurnal24.si/recepti/krompirjeva-juha-z-rukolo-208924/clanek">http://www.zurnal24.si/recepti/krompirjeva-juha-z-rukolo-208924/clanek</a></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-11"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation book">G.J.H. Grubben and O.A. Denton, ed. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://books.google.com/books?id=6jrlyOPfr24C&amp;lpg=PA295&amp;dq=taramira%20oil&amp;pg=PA295#v=onepage&amp;q=taramira%20oil&amp;f=false">"Vegetables"</a>. <i>Plant Resources of Tropical Africa</i>. <b>2</b>. p.&#160;295. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a>&#160;<a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/90-5782-147-8" title="Special:BookSources/90-5782-147-8">90-5782-147-8</a><span class="printonly">. <a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://books.google.com/books?id=6jrlyOPfr24C&amp;lpg=PA295&amp;dq=taramira%20oil&amp;pg=PA295#v=onepage&amp;q=taramira%20oil&amp;f=false">http://books.google.com/books?id=6jrlyOPfr24C&amp;lpg=PA295&amp;dq=taramira%20oil&amp;pg=PA295#v=onepage&amp;q=taramira%20oil&amp;f=false</a></span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=bookitem&amp;rft.btitle=Vegetables&amp;rft.atitle=Plant+Resources+of+Tropical+Africa&amp;rft.volume=2&amp;rft.pages=p.%26nbsp%3B295&amp;rft.isbn=90-5782-147-8&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3D6jrlyOPfr24C%26lpg%3DPA295%26dq%3Dtaramira%2520oil%26pg%3DPA295%23v%3Donepage%26q%3Dtaramira%2520oil%26f%3Dfalse&amp;rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Eruca_sativa"><span style="display: none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li>
 
<li id="cite_note-12"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation Journal">Das, Srinabas; Kumar Tyagi and Harjit Kaur (2004). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&amp;cpsidt=14981811">"Evaluation of taramira oil-cake and reduction of its glucosinolate content by different treatments"</a>. <i>Indian journal of animal sciences</i> <b>73</b> (6): 687–691<span class="printonly">. <a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&amp;cpsidt=14981811">http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&amp;cpsidt=14981811</a></span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.atitle=Evaluation+of+taramira+oil-cake+and+reduction+of+its+glucosinolate+content+by+different+treatments&amp;rft.jtitle=Indian+journal+of+animal+sciences&amp;rft.aulast=Das&amp;rft.aufirst=Srinabas&amp;rft.au=Das%2C%26%2332%3BSrinabas&amp;rft.date=2004&amp;rft.volume=73&amp;rft.issue=6&amp;rft.pages=687%E2%80%93691&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fcat.inist.fr%2F%3FaModele%3DafficheN%26cpsidt%3D14981811&amp;rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Eruca_sativa"><span style="display: none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li>
 
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<h2><span class="editsection">[<a href="/w/index.php?title=Eruca_sativa&amp;action=edit&amp;section=5" title="Edit section: External links">edit</a>]</span> <span class="mw-headline" id="External_links">External links</span></h2>
 
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<td class="mbox-text" style="">Wikimedia Commons has media related to: <i><b><a class="external text" href="//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Eruca_sativa">Eruca sativa</a></b></i></td>
 
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<td class="mbox-text" style="">Wikibooks <a class="external text" href="//en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Cookbook">Cookbook</a> has a recipe/module on
 
<div style="margin-left:10px;"><i><b><a class="external text" href="//en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Cookbook:Arugula">Arugula</a></b></i></div>
 
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'''''Eruca sativa''''' (syn. E. vesicaria subsp. sativa (Miller) Thell., Brassica eruca L.), is an edible annual plant, commonly known as rocket, roquette, rucola or arugula, not to be confused with Wild rocket. It is a species of Eruca native to the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and Portugal east to Lebanon and Turkey. It is closely related to Eruca vesicaria and included by some botanists in that either as a subspecies E. vesicaria subsp. sativa or not distinguished at all; it can be distinguished from E. vesicaria by its early deciduous sepals.
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It is an annual plant growing 20–100 centimetres (8–39 in) in height. The leaves are deeply pinnately lobed with four to ten small lateral lobes and a large terminal lobe. The flowers are 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) in diameter, arranged in a corymb, with the typical Brassicaceae flower structure; the petals are creamy white with purple veins, and the stamens yellow; the sepals are shed soon after the flower opens. The fruit is a siliqua (pod) 12–35 millimetres (0.5–1.4 in) long with an apical beak, and containing several seeds (which are edible). The species has a chromosome number of 2n = 22.
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Vernacular names include garden rocket or simply rocket (British, Australian, Canadian & New Zealand English), eruca, rocket salad, and arugula (American English). All names ultimately derive from the Latin word eruca, a name for an unspecified plant in the family Brassicaceae, probably a type of cabbage.
  
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In India, they pray to the Hindu Goddess Ganesha of Arugula for safety in travel.
  
Arugula is an extremely healthy leafy green vegetable that has many amazing powers. In some gangs it's used as currency, for some it's a battle cry. Most often it's supplied by the ever mysterious Gary. Most people try to call him but always reach the wrong number.
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[[Image:Lord_Ganesh-leaf-image_1284104058.jpg]]
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In some gangs it's used as currency, for some it is a battle cry. Most often it's supplied by the ever mysterious Gary. Most people try to call him but always reach the wrong number.
  
 
Arugula can also be used to deter undesirables and charlatans (much as garlic deters vampiric activities).  
 
Arugula can also be used to deter undesirables and charlatans (much as garlic deters vampiric activities).  
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Many groms experience difficulty maintaining the operational status of their mopeds due to running their bikes without an arugula filter, the most common result of which is their carburetors becoming clogged with the leafy green plant. Contrary to popular belief, tying a used pair of women's tights around the air intake is NOT and acceptable alternative to running an arugula filter.
 
Many groms experience difficulty maintaining the operational status of their mopeds due to running their bikes without an arugula filter, the most common result of which is their carburetors becoming clogged with the leafy green plant. Contrary to popular belief, tying a used pair of women's tights around the air intake is NOT and acceptable alternative to running an arugula filter.
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[[Category: Forum Fun]]

Latest revision as of 23:01, 11 April 2012

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Eruca sativa (syn. E. vesicaria subsp. sativa (Miller) Thell., Brassica eruca L.), is an edible annual plant, commonly known as rocket, roquette, rucola or arugula, not to be confused with Wild rocket. It is a species of Eruca native to the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and Portugal east to Lebanon and Turkey. It is closely related to Eruca vesicaria and included by some botanists in that either as a subspecies E. vesicaria subsp. sativa or not distinguished at all; it can be distinguished from E. vesicaria by its early deciduous sepals. It is an annual plant growing 20–100 centimetres (8–39 in) in height. The leaves are deeply pinnately lobed with four to ten small lateral lobes and a large terminal lobe. The flowers are 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) in diameter, arranged in a corymb, with the typical Brassicaceae flower structure; the petals are creamy white with purple veins, and the stamens yellow; the sepals are shed soon after the flower opens. The fruit is a siliqua (pod) 12–35 millimetres (0.5–1.4 in) long with an apical beak, and containing several seeds (which are edible). The species has a chromosome number of 2n = 22. Vernacular names include garden rocket or simply rocket (British, Australian, Canadian & New Zealand English), eruca, rocket salad, and arugula (American English). All names ultimately derive from the Latin word eruca, a name for an unspecified plant in the family Brassicaceae, probably a type of cabbage.

In India, they pray to the Hindu Goddess Ganesha of Arugula for safety in travel.

Lord Ganesh-leaf-image 1284104058.jpg

In some gangs it's used as currency, for some it is a battle cry. Most often it's supplied by the ever mysterious Gary. Most people try to call him but always reach the wrong number.

Arugula can also be used to deter undesirables and charlatans (much as garlic deters vampiric activities).

Furthermore, it is often said that every time somebody calls Gary, an arugula plant blossoms in the high desert.

Many groms experience difficulty maintaining the operational status of their mopeds due to running their bikes without an arugula filter, the most common result of which is their carburetors becoming clogged with the leafy green plant. Contrary to popular belief, tying a used pair of women's tights around the air intake is NOT and acceptable alternative to running an arugula filter.