Difference between revisions of "Help:Editing"

Basic text formatting

What it looks like What you type

You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize the text.

(4 apostrophes don't do anything special -- there's just 'one left over'.)

You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2
apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize
'''''the text'''''.

(4 apostrophes don't do anything
special -- there's just ''''one left
over''''.)


A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).

A single newline
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline ''does''
affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).


You can break lines
without a new paragraph.

Please do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

You can break lines<br>
without a new paragraph.<br>

''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line
and close it on the next.


- Three tildes gives your user name: Mijunkin
- Four tildes give your user name plus date/time: Mijunkin 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)

You should "sign" your comments
on talk pages: <br>
- Three tildes gives your user
name: ~~~ <br>
- Four tildes give your user
name plus date/time: ~~~~ <br>
- Five tildes gives the
date/time alone: ~~~~~ <br>


HTML tags

You can use some HTML tags too. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.

What it looks like What you type

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for  computer code.

Put text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.


Strike out or underline text, or write it in small caps.

<strike>Strike out</strike>
or <u>underline</u> text,
or write it <span style=
"font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.


Superscripts and subscripts: X2, H2O

Superscripts and subscripts:
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O

Centered text
• Please note the American spelling of "center".
<center>Centered text</center>


The blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent
both margins when needed instead of the
left margin only as the colon does.
</blockquote>


Invisible comments to editors ( ) only appear while editing the page.

• If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually use the talk page.
Invisible comments to editors ( <!-- --> )
only appear while editing the page.
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->


What it looks like What you type

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

== Section headings ==

sections. The Wiki software can automatically

=== Subsection ===

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====

Don't skip levels,
like from two to four equals signs.

because 1 creates H1 tags
which should be reserved for page title.

• Unordered lists are easy to do:
• Start every line with a star.
• More stars indicate a deeper level.
Previous item continues.
• A newline
• in a list

marks the end of the list.

• Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
*: Previous item continues.
** A newline
* in a list
marks the end of the list.
* Of course you can start again.

1. Numbered lists are:
1. Very organized
2. Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

1. New numbering starts with 1.
# ''Numbered lists'' are also good:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
A newline marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.


Here's a definition list:

Word
Definition of the word
A longer phrase needing definition
Phrase defined
A word
Which has a definition
Also a second one
And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.

Here's a ''definition list'':
; Word : Definition of the word
; A longer phrase needing definition
: Phrase defined
; A word : Which has a definition
: Also a second one
: And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line;
a newline can appear before the colon, but
using a space before the colon improves
parsing.

• You can even do mixed lists
1. and nest them
2. inside each other
• or break lines
in lists.
definition lists
can be
nested
too
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*# inside each other
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
*#; definition lists
*#: can be
*#:; nested : too

A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.
Often used for discussion on talk pages.

We use 1 colon to indent once.
We use 2 colons to indent twice.
3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
A newline starts a new paragraph. <br>
Often used for discussion on talk pages.
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.


You can make horizontal dividing lines (----) to separate text.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----)
to separate text.
----
But you should usually use sections instead,


You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

There are over six billion people in the world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>

You can add footnotes to sentences using
the ''ref'' tag -- this is especially good
for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the
world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>


You will often want to make clickable links to other pages.

What it looks like What you type

Here's a link to a page named Puch. You can even say Puchs and the link will show up correctly.

Here's a link to a page named
[[Puch]].
You can even say
[[Puch]]s
and the link will show up
correctly.


You can put formatting around a link. Example: Moped.

You can put formatting around
Example: ''[[Moped]]''.


The first letter of articles is automatically capitalized, so sachs goes to the same place as Sachs. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

The ''first letter'' of
articles is automatically
capitalized, so [[sachs]]
goes to the same place
as [[Sachs]].
Capitalization matters after
the
first letter.


The weather in Moscow is a page that doesn't exist yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

[[The weather in Moscow]] is
a page that doesn't exist
yet. You could create it by


You can link to a page section by its title:

If multiple sections have the same title, add a number. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section".

You can link to a page
section by its title:

*[[Moped Laws: United States#Missouri]].

If multiple sections have
a number.
[[#Example section 3]] goes
to the
third section named
"Example section".


You can make a link point to a different place with a piped link. Put the link target first, then the pipe character "|", then the link text.

You can make a link point to a
different place
with a
target first, then the pipe
character "|", then

*[[Puch Magnum|Magnum]]
*[[Moped Laws: United States#Missouri|Missouri Moped Laws]]


You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title: Nupedia

Or leave the title blank: [1]

You can make an external
link just by typing a URL:
http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://www.nupedia.com]


Linking to an e-mail address works the same way: mailto:someone@domain.com or someone

Linking to an e-mail address
works the same way:
mailto:someone@domain.com or
[mailto:someone@domain.com
someone]


You can use magic words to help make links to special pages such as diffs, edit pages or history pages.

{{SERVER}}{{localurl:Official
position}}

[{{SERVER}}{{localurl:
{{PAGENAME}}|action=edit}}
Edit]


You can redirect the user to another page.

#REDIRECT [[Blood and Bones Crash Club‎]]


Category links do not show up in line but instead at page bottom and cause the page to be listed in the category.

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line without causing the page to be listed in the category: Category:Performance Tuning‎

Category
links do not show up in
line
''and cause the page to be
listed in the category.''

in line
without causing the page to
be listed in the category:
[[:Category:Performance Tuning‎]]


The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's date preferences. These three dates will show up the same if you choose a format in your Preferences:

• July 20, 1969
• 20 July 1969
• 1969-07-20
The Wiki reformats linked
date preferences. These
three dates will show up the
same if you choose a format
in your
[[Special:Preferences|Preferences]]:
* July 20, 1969
* 20 July 1969
* 1969-07-20


Just show what I typed

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

What it looks like What you type

The nowiki tag ignores Wiki ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores
Wiki ''markup''.
It reformats text by
removing
newlines    and multiple
spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>

The pre tag ignores Wiki
''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
text.
It still interprets special
characters: →

<pre>
The pre tag ignores Wiki
''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
text.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</pre>


Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text
from being
reformatted. It still
interprets Wiki
markup and special
characters: →

Leading spaces are another way
to preserve
formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text   from
being
reformatted. It still
interprets Wiki
''markup'' and special
characters: &rarr;


Images, tables, video, and sounds

After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.

What it looks like What you type

A picture, including alternate text:

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

The Peddy Cash Shirt
A picture, including alternate text:

[[Image:Peddycashshirt.jpg|The Peddy Cash Shirt]]

The image in a frame with a caption:
[[Image:Peddycashshirt.jpgframe|The Peddy Cash Shirt]]


A link to MopedWiki's page for the image: Image:Peddycashshirt.jpg

Or a link directly to the image itself: Media:Peddycashshirt.jpg

A link to MopedWiki's page for the image:
[[:Image:Peddycashshirt.jpg]]

Or a link directly to the image itself:
[[Media:Peddycashshirt.jpg]]


Use media: links to link directly to sounds or videos: A sound file

Use '''media:''' links to link
directly to sounds or videos:
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]

This is
a table
{| border="1" cellspacing="0"
! This
! is
|-
| a
| table
|-
|}


Templates

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type
{{Stub}}


This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

This template takes two parameters, and