Difference between revisions of "Moped Laws: Canada"

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* [http://www.saaq.gouv.qc.ca/en/driver_licence/classes/class_6d.html Moped or Motorized Scooter Licences in Quebec]
 
* [http://www.saaq.gouv.qc.ca/en/driver_licence/classes/class_6d.html Moped or Motorized Scooter Licences in Quebec]
  
[[Category:Moped Laws]]
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[[Category:Moped laws]]

Revision as of 13:16, 26 March 2007

Moped laws in Canada for legal moped usage vary from province to province across the country. You may be able to find information on your province's transportation website, but the purpose of this page is to provide a brief guideline to provincial regulations.

Alberta

  • Drivers in Alberta are required to have a Class 7 Licence, allowing them to operate:
            * A moped;
            * A motorcycle, as a learner only, if the operator is at least 16 years of age.
  • The minimum learning or licencing age is 14, and the applicant is required to complete a written test and vision screening.
  • All mopeds are required to be licenced and insured, and the operator must wear a helmet.


British Columbia

In British Columbia, moped riders are permitted to operate a Limited Speed Motorcycle (LSM) with any class of driver’s licence. You cannot operate a LSM on a learner’s licence other than a Class 6 or 8 motorcycle learner’s licence. In British Columbia, limited speed vehicles are motorcycles, mopeds and motor scooters with:

  • An engine displacement of 50 cc or less (or less than 1.5 kW of power if other than a piston engine),
  • A transmission that does not require shifting or a clutch,
  • A maximum speed of 70 km/h,
  • Wheels that are at least 254 mm (10 inches) in diameter and;
  • A dry weight of 95 kg or less.
  • All mopeds and limited-speed motorcycles are required to be licenced and insured by law; operator must wear a helmet.


Ontario

Motor-Assisted Bicycles (Mopeds)

Like limited-speed motorcycles, mopeds can be operated on roads in Ontario.

You will no longer be permitted to drive a moped on any driver's licence. New moped drivers will be required to take road tests.

A new, restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) and moped drivers was introduced on November 28, 2005. This new restricted class M licence has a condition that allows licence holders to drive limited-speed motorcycles and mopeds only.

To operate these vehicles on the roadway:

   * driver must hold the new restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycles/mopeds (Class M2 with L restriction or M with L restriction or a valid motorcycle licence (Class M1, M2 or M);
   * approved motorcycle helmet is required;
   * vehicle must be insured and registered and have a valid licence plate;
   * no passengers allowed;
   * they must meet federal safety standards for a limited speed motorcycle;
   * motor-assisted bicycles are not allowed to travel on 400 series highways.

A motor-assisted bicycle is a bicycle that:

   * is fitted with pedals that are operable at all times to propel the bicycle;
   * weighs not more than 55 kilograms;
   * has no hand or foot operated clutch or gearbox driven by the motor and transferring power to the driven wheel;
   * has a piston displacement of not more that 50 cubic centimetres; and,
   * does not attain a speed greater than 50 km/hr on level ground within a distance of 2 km from a standing start.


Limited-Speed Motorcycles (scooter or noped)

Can be operated as a limited-speed motorcycle on roads in Ontario

A new, restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) and moped drivers was introduced on November 28, 2005. This new restricted class M licence has a condition that allows licence holders to drive limited-speed motorcycles and mopeds only.

A Limited-Speed Motorcycle must meet vehicle requirements as defined under the federal Motor Vehicle Safety Act (MVSA). However, in order to use a limited-speed motorcycle, the driver must comply with the operating requirements of a motorcycle under provincial regulations. A limited-speed motorcycle has a maximum attainable speed of 70 km/h or less.

To operate these vehicles on a roadway:

   * driver must hold the new restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycles and mopeds (Class M2 with L condition or M with L condition or a valid motorcycle licence (Class M1, M2 or M);
   * the vehicle must be insured, registered and have a valid licence plate (a new licence plate for LSMs will be available March 27, 2006);
   * the operator must wear an approved motorcycle helmet;
   * allowed to carry passengers with full licence- but not recommended;
   * cannot operate on certain highways, for example, 400 series highway.

A limited-speed motorcycle is:

  1. a motorcycle that:
        1. can attain a rate of speed of more than 32 km/hr on level ground within a distance of 1.6 kilometres from a standing start;
        2. has a maximum attainable speed of 70 km/hr or less;
        3. has steering handlebars that are completely constrained from rotating in relation to the axle of only one wheel in contact with the ground;
        4. has a minimum seat height, when the vehicle is unladen, of 650 millimetres;
        5. has a minimum wheel rim diameter of 250 millimetres and a minimum wheelbase of 1016 millimetres;
        6. has a maximum engine displacement of 50 cubic centimetres or less; or,
  2. if the motorcycle was manufactured on, or after, September 1, 1988, it must have affixed a compliance label required under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) that identifies the motor vehicle as a limited-speed motorcycle.

Quebec

  • According to Quebec law, mopeds or motorized scooters are passenger vehicles that have two or three wheels. They are equipped with an automatic transmission and have an engine with a cylinder displacement of 50 cc or less.
  • Operating a moped or scooter requires a class 6D licence. Holders of all other classes (other than class 8: Farm Tractor) of driver's licence or probationary licence are authorized to operate a moped or scooter.
  • Conditions for obtaining a class 6D licence
   * Minimum age: 14 (parental consent required if an applicant is a minor)
   * Vision test: Yes
   * Specialized driving course: No
   * Home study program: Yes
   * Learner’s licence: No
   * Knowledge test: Yes
   * Road test: No 
  • An individual who holds a class 6D driver’s licence (moped or motorized scooter) and is under age 25, is subject to a special series of restrictions, namely:
   * zero alcohol; and
   * licence suspension once a driver reaches 4 demerit points on his or her record. 
  • Licencing, liability insurance, and a helmet are all required by law in Quebec.


References