Difference between revisions of "Moped Laws: United States"

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Laws for legal [[moped]] usage vary by state in America. You may be able to find information on your state's [[DMV Websites|transportation website]] but the following are likely to be more useful as some states make it hard to find moped related information.
 
Laws for legal [[moped]] usage vary by state in America. You may be able to find information on your state's [[DMV Websites|transportation website]] but the following are likely to be more useful as some states make it hard to find moped related information.
  
 
==Arizona==
 
==Arizona==
 
 
* A valid Class D (Operator) license is needed
 
* A valid Class D (Operator) license is needed
 
* Moped must be [[50cc]] or less
 
* Moped must be [[50cc]] or less
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==California==
 
==California==
 
 
* An M2 or M1 license is required.
 
* An M2 or M1 license is required.
 
* Motorized Bicycle Application [http://www.dmv.ca.gov/forms/reg/reg230.pdf Reg230] $18 as of April 19, 2007.
 
* Motorized Bicycle Application [http://www.dmv.ca.gov/forms/reg/reg230.pdf Reg230] $18 as of April 19, 2007.
Line 29: Line 28:
  
 
==Colorado==
 
==Colorado==
 
 
* Motorized bicycle is defined as a vehicle having two or three wheels, a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50cc, and an [[automatic transmission]] which produces a maximum design speed of not more than thirty miles per hour on a flat surface.
 
* Motorized bicycle is defined as a vehicle having two or three wheels, a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50cc, and an [[automatic transmission]] which produces a maximum design speed of not more than thirty miles per hour on a flat surface.
  
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==Connecticut==
 
==Connecticut==
 
 
* No registration required under 50cc
 
* No registration required under 50cc
 
* No insurance required under 50cc
 
* No insurance required under 50cc
  
 
==Florida==
 
==Florida==
 
 
*Moped Defined: Any vehicle with pedals to permit propulsion by human power, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels, with a motor rated not in excess of 2 brake horsepower and not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed greater than 30 miles per hour on level ground, and with a power-drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting gears by the operator after the drive system is engaged. If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic centimeters.
 
*Moped Defined: Any vehicle with pedals to permit propulsion by human power, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels, with a motor rated not in excess of 2 brake horsepower and not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed greater than 30 miles per hour on level ground, and with a power-drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting gears by the operator after the drive system is engaged. If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic centimeters.
 
* Registration is REQUIRED, NO Title is required. This vehicle can be operated on the roadways of this state.
 
* Registration is REQUIRED, NO Title is required. This vehicle can be operated on the roadways of this state.
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Any person operating a moped upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under any of the following situations:
 
Any person operating a moped upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under any of the following situations:
  
  1. When overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction.
+
#When overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction.
  2. When preparing for a left-turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.
+
#When preparing for a left-turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.
  3. When reasonably necessary to avoid any condition, including, but not limited to, a fixed or moving object, parked or moving vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian, animal, surface hazard, or substandard-width lane, that makes it unsafe to continue along the right hand curb or edge. For purposes of this paragraph, a "substandard-width lane" is a lane that is too narrow for a moped and another vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.
+
#When reasonably necessary to avoid any condition, including, but not limited to, a fixed or moving object, parked or moving vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian, animal, surface hazard, or substandard-width lane, that makes it unsafe to continue along the right hand curb or edge. For purposes of this paragraph, a "substandard-width lane" is a lane that is too narrow for a moped and another vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.
  4. Any person operating a moped upon a one-way highway with two or more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of such roadway as practicable.
+
#Any person operating a moped upon a one-way highway with two or more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of such roadway as practicable.
  5. A person propelling a moped solely by human power upon and along a sidewalk, or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, has all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances, except that such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible signal before overtaking and passing a pedestrian.
+
#A person propelling a moped solely by human power upon and along a sidewalk, or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, has all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances, except that such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible signal before overtaking and passing a pedestrian.
  6. No person shall propel a moped upon and along a sidewalk while the motor is operating.
+
#No person shall propel a moped upon and along a sidewalk while the motor is operating.
  7. A violation of this section is a non-criminal traffic infraction, punishable as a moving violation as provided in chapter 318.
+
#A violation of this section is a non-criminal traffic infraction, punishable as a moving violation as provided in chapter 318.
  
 
*On Bike Lanes:
 
*On Bike Lanes:
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== Illinois ==
 
== Illinois ==
 
 
* You must have a valid drivers license  
 
* You must have a valid drivers license  
 
* You must have a title for the moped  
 
* You must have a title for the moped  
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Taken from moped2.org[http://www.moped2.org/mstates.htm#Illinois]
 
Taken from moped2.org[http://www.moped2.org/mstates.htm#Illinois]
 +
 
== Iowa ==
 
== Iowa ==
 
 
I. New Moped Definition
 
I. New Moped Definition
  
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== Maine ==
 
== Maine ==
Maine Moped Laws
 
 
 
Mopeds
 
Mopeds
 
*You must have an operator's license to operate all scooters and mopeds on a public way.
 
*You must have an operator's license to operate all scooters and mopeds on a public way.
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== Massachusetts ==
 
== Massachusetts ==
 
 
According to Massachusetts law, a moped is a "motorized bicycle." In order to be classified as a moped, the vehicle must:
 
According to Massachusetts law, a moped is a "motorized bicycle." In order to be classified as a moped, the vehicle must:
  
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Taken from [http://www.mass.gov/rmv/license/7moped.htm Massachusetts RMV moped page].
 
Taken from [http://www.mass.gov/rmv/license/7moped.htm Massachusetts RMV moped page].
 
  
 
== Michigan ==
 
== Michigan ==
 
 
* A moped is defined as a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with a motor which has no more than 50cc piston displacement producing two brake horsepower or less.  
 
* A moped is defined as a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with a motor which has no more than 50cc piston displacement producing two brake horsepower or less.  
 
* A moped must have a power drive system that does not require shifting gears and cannot have a top speed exceeding 30 mph on level surfaces.
 
* A moped must have a power drive system that does not require shifting gears and cannot have a top speed exceeding 30 mph on level surfaces.
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== Minnesota ==
 
== Minnesota ==
 
 
* A moped means a bicycle that is propelled by an electric or a liquid fuel motor of a piston displacement capacity of 50 cubic centimeters or less, and a maximum of two brake horsepower, which is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface with not more than one percent grade in any direction when the motor is engaged
 
* A moped means a bicycle that is propelled by an electric or a liquid fuel motor of a piston displacement capacity of 50 cubic centimeters or less, and a maximum of two brake horsepower, which is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface with not more than one percent grade in any direction when the motor is engaged
 
* You must have a driver's license in order to drive a moped legally
 
* You must have a driver's license in order to drive a moped legally
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* Moped plate issued
 
* Moped plate issued
 
* Does not require inspection.
 
* Does not require inspection.
 +
 +
==Missouri==
 +
:''Taken from [http://dor.mo.gov/mvdl/drivers/faq/general.htm MO Dept. of Revenue site]''
 +
Licensing for a scooter or moped depends on whether the vehicle meets the definition of a motorized bicycle. The Missouri statute definition of a motorized bicycle is as follows:
 +
:"Any two-wheeled or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground."
 +
 +
A motorized bicycle does not have to be registered with the Missouri Department of Revenue.  However, you must have a valid driver license (though no motorcycle endorsement is required).
 +
 +
Missouri statute does not require a helmet to be worn when operating a motorized bicycle. Please contact your local law enforcement agencies for any county/municipal codes that deal with helmets and motorized bicycles.
 +
 +
Keep in mind that no motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this state that has been designated as part of the federal interstate highway system.
  
 
==New Jersey==
 
==New Jersey==
 
 
Motorized bicycle (moped) license  
 
Motorized bicycle (moped) license  
  
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== New York ==
 
== New York ==
 
 
Moped class determined by range of top speed:
 
Moped class determined by range of top speed:
  
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* No inspection required
 
* No inspection required
 
* No title required
 
* No title required
 
  
 
== Nevada ==
 
== Nevada ==
 
 
* A moped is a vehicle which looks and handles essentially like a bicycle and is propelled by a small engine which produces not more than 2 gross brake horsepower
 
* A moped is a vehicle which looks and handles essentially like a bicycle and is propelled by a small engine which produces not more than 2 gross brake horsepower
 
* A moped has a displacement of not more than 50 cubic centimeters and is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface.
 
* A moped has a displacement of not more than 50 cubic centimeters and is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface.
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== North Carolina ==
 
== North Carolina ==
 
 
A moped...
 
A moped...
 
*Has no external shifter.
 
*Has no external shifter.
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== Oregon ==
 
== Oregon ==
 
 
A moped...
 
A moped...
 
* is designed to be operated on the ground upon wheels;
 
* is designed to be operated on the ground upon wheels;
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== Pennsylvania ==
 
== Pennsylvania ==
 
 
* Class C (car) required on Driver’s License.
 
* Class C (car) required on Driver’s License.
 
* Insurance is required.
 
* Insurance is required.
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* [http://www.dot10.state.pa.us/pdotforms/fact_sheets/fs-momo.pdf PennDot Moped Fact Sheet]
 
* [http://www.dot10.state.pa.us/pdotforms/fact_sheets/fs-momo.pdf PennDot Moped Fact Sheet]
 
  
 
== South Dakota ==
 
== South Dakota ==
 
 
* A valid class 1 license is needed
 
* A valid class 1 license is needed
 
* Moped must be 50cc or under
 
* Moped must be 50cc or under
 
* Some form or eye protection must be worn
 
* Some form or eye protection must be worn
 
* Title, registration, insurance, and license plates are NOT required
 
* Title, registration, insurance, and license plates are NOT required
 
  
 
== Tennessee ==
 
== Tennessee ==
 
 
* "Motorized bicycle" means a vehicle with two (2) or three (3) wheels, an automatic transmission, and a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding fifty cubic centimeters (50cc) which produces no more than two (2) brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the vehicle at a maximum design speed of no more than thirty miles per hour (30 mph) on level ground. The operator of a motorized bicycle must be in possession of a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, and shall be subject to all applicable and practical rules of the road. A motorized bicycle may not be operated on a highway of the interstate and defense highway system, any similar limited access multilane divided highway, or upon sidewalks;  
 
* "Motorized bicycle" means a vehicle with two (2) or three (3) wheels, an automatic transmission, and a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding fifty cubic centimeters (50cc) which produces no more than two (2) brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the vehicle at a maximum design speed of no more than thirty miles per hour (30 mph) on level ground. The operator of a motorized bicycle must be in possession of a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, and shall be subject to all applicable and practical rules of the road. A motorized bicycle may not be operated on a highway of the interstate and defense highway system, any similar limited access multilane divided highway, or upon sidewalks;  
 
* "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five (5) brake horsepower, or with a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding one hundred twenty-five cubic centimeters (125cc);  
 
* "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five (5) brake horsepower, or with a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding one hundred twenty-five cubic centimeters (125cc);  
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With pedals is about $13.00 plus mandatory 6% taxation on minimum $200.00 value on transfers and new registrations.
 
With pedals is about $13.00 plus mandatory 6% taxation on minimum $200.00 value on transfers and new registrations.
 
Without pedals is classified as a motorcycle and subject to a higher fee of about $39.00 plus tax.  
 
Without pedals is classified as a motorcycle and subject to a higher fee of about $39.00 plus tax.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
== Washington ==
 
== Washington ==
 
 
* A moped is any two or three-wheeled vehicle that has wheels at least 16 inches in diameter.
 
* A moped is any two or three-wheeled vehicle that has wheels at least 16 inches in diameter.
 
* Is powered by a 50cc or smaller motor.
 
* Is powered by a 50cc or smaller motor.
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== Wisconsin ==
 
== Wisconsin ==
 
 
* Any class licence
 
* Any class licence
 
* No more than 30 mph on level ground with a 150 pound driver, and no wind
 
* No more than 30 mph on level ground with a 150 pound driver, and no wind
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== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
 +
* [[Moped Laws: Canada]]
  
* [[Moped Laws: Canada]]
 
  
 
[[Category:Moped laws]]
 
[[Category:Moped laws]]

Revision as of 02:10, 4 October 2007

Laws for legal moped usage vary by state in America. You may be able to find information on your state's transportation website but the following are likely to be more useful as some states make it hard to find moped related information.

Arizona

  • A valid Class D (Operator) license is needed
  • Moped must be 50cc or less
  • Moped must be restricted to 25 m.p.h. and 1.5 braking hp.
  • Mopeds are not titled, but must be registered
    • A notarized bill of sale and MVD inspection is required for registration
    • Registration is $5.00 plus $4.50 tax
  • A helmet is required only if the operator is under 18 years of age
  • Shirt must not be worn while riding during the hottest day of Arizona summer. (not really)

California

  • An M2 or M1 license is required.
  • Motorized Bicycle Application Reg230 $18 as of April 19, 2007.
  • Liability Insurance
  • Motorcycle Helmet
  • Headlight
  • Taillight
  • Brake light
  • Horn
  • Side and rear reflectors
  • "Adequate" muffler (whatever that means)
  • Working brakes
  • One mirror(prob. left side)
  • Note - Turn signals are not required under the law. Link

Colorado

  • Motorized bicycle is defined as a vehicle having two or three wheels, a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50cc, and an automatic transmission which produces a maximum design speed of not more than thirty miles per hour on a flat surface.
  • A valid driver's license or minor driver's license is required.
  • May not be operated on an interstate system.
  • May be driven in bicycle lanes.
  • Registration is required, with a fee of $5.00. It is valid for 3 years.
  • A person riding a motorized bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
  • No motorized bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.
  • No person riding upon any motorized bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled, or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
  • Every person operating a motorized bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as close to the right side of the roadway as practicable.
  • Persons riding motorized bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast.
  • Motorized bicycles must be equipped with a headlight visible from at least 500 feet away.
  • Motorized bicycles must be equipped with a horn audible from at least 100 feet away.

Taken mostly verbatim from the Colorado Revised Statutes.

Connecticut

  • No registration required under 50cc
  • No insurance required under 50cc

Florida

  • Moped Defined: Any vehicle with pedals to permit propulsion by human power, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels, with a motor rated not in excess of 2 brake horsepower and not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed greater than 30 miles per hour on level ground, and with a power-drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting gears by the operator after the drive system is engaged. If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic centimeters.
  • Registration is REQUIRED, NO Title is required. This vehicle can be operated on the roadways of this state.
  • Can not have electric start.

Taken from the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles website. [1]

  • Ridings Laws:

Any person operating a moped upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under any of the following situations:

  1. When overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction.
  2. When preparing for a left-turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.
  3. When reasonably necessary to avoid any condition, including, but not limited to, a fixed or moving object, parked or moving vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian, animal, surface hazard, or substandard-width lane, that makes it unsafe to continue along the right hand curb or edge. For purposes of this paragraph, a "substandard-width lane" is a lane that is too narrow for a moped and another vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.
  4. Any person operating a moped upon a one-way highway with two or more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of such roadway as practicable.
  5. A person propelling a moped solely by human power upon and along a sidewalk, or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, has all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances, except that such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible signal before overtaking and passing a pedestrian.
  6. No person shall propel a moped upon and along a sidewalk while the motor is operating.
  7. A violation of this section is a non-criminal traffic infraction, punishable as a moving violation as provided in chapter 318.
  • On Bike Lanes:

Any road, path, or way that is open to bicycle travel, which road, path, or way is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or by a barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way.

No person shall drive any vehicle other than by human power upon a bicycle path, sidewalk, or sidewalk area, except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. A violation of this section is a non-criminal traffic infraction, punishable as a moving violation as provided in chapter 318.

Illinois

  • You must have a valid drivers license
  • You must have a title for the moped
  • You must register the moped with the state
  • You must have plates on the moped
  • You must have insurance for the moped.
  • LAWS: Moped drivers must obey all signs, signals and traffic laws. They also must obey most bicycle laws.
  • SPEED: A moped may not go over 30 miles per hour.
  • PASSENGERS: Moped drivers may carry a passenger only when the moped is made for two people. Equipment must include a passenger seat and a passenger footrest.
  • EQUIPMENT: If a moped is driven at night, it must have a headlight visible from at least 500 ft. A moped must also have a red reflector on the rear visible from at least 100 to 600 ft.

Taken from moped2.org[2]

Iowa

I. New Moped Definition

A "motorized bicycle," or moped, is motor vehicle having a saddle or a seat for the use of a rider, designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, and not capable of operating at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour on level ground unassisted by human power. The maximum speed of 30mph needs to be printed on the certificate of origin from the manufacturer.

The new definition for a moped written above replaces the reference to "an engine having a displacement of no greater than 50c.c." The change in the definition allows electric motors or electric engines to be used as a source for moped propulsion.

Additionally, for a moped to be classified as a motor vehicle, it must be able to travel at a speed of atleast 20mph while driving up a 3 percent grade. If a vehicle cannot go 20mph up a 3 percent grade, it is not permitted to be operated on Iowa's streets and roadways

II. Moped Licensing

Any person with an adult operator's license, chaufferur license, commercial driver's license or an intermediate license may operate a moped. No motorcycle license is required. If someone does not have an adult operator's license, they are still allowed to drive a moped if they fall into one of the categories below.

  1. Adults (age 18 and older) who do not have a driver's license must be issued a moped permit. The standard operator's knowledge examination and a vision screening are required. Skills testing may be required at the discretion of the driver’s licensing examiner
  2. Persons age 16 through 17 who do not have at least an intermediate license must be issued a moped permit, under the same conditions as listed in the previous paragraph.
  3. Persons age 14 through 15 must be issued a moped permit, but must first complete a moped rider education course approved by the Iowa Department of Transportation. The standard operator's knowledge examination and a vision screening are required. Skills testing may be required at the discretion of the DOT examiner.


III. Moped traffic laws

  1. Helmets are not required to operate a moped or motorcycle
  2. Passengers are not allowed on any mopeds.
  3. A moped must be equipped with a safety flag that extends not less than 5 feet above the ground attached to the rear of the moped. The safety flag must be triangular in shape, with an area of not less than 30 square inches, and be Day-Glo in color.
  4. Mopeds may not be operated side by side in the same traffic lane.
  5. Mopeds must not be operated between lanes of traffic, adjacent lines or rows of vehicles.
  6. Mopeds must have a lighted headlamp at all times when operated on a public street or roadway.
  7. Moped operators must not carry a package, bundle or other article that prevents the operator from keeping both hands on the handlebars.


IV. Moped Registration

To register any motor vehicle in Iowa, you must have the Manufacturer's certification label on your vehicle stating that the it meets federal moter vehicle safety standard. Without a manufacturer's certification label, vehicles cannot be titled or registered.

Taken from Moped2.org

Maine

Mopeds

  • You must have an operator's license to operate all scooters and mopeds on a public way.
  • All mopeds and many scooters must be registered.

*Legal definition of Moped

  • A moped is a vehicle with not less than 2 brake horsepower.
  • A moped does not exceed 50 cc's and cannot exceed 30 miles per hour on a flat surface.
  • A moped is equipped with a power drive system that functions automatically and does not require shifting.
  • A moped may or may not have foot pedals

Legal Requirements

  • An operator's license or a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle or moped endorsement or restriction is required.
  • Registration is required.
  • A moped must be operated single file and as far to the right at all times, except when turning left.
  • Operator of a moped must obey all other traffic laws.
  • Liability Insurance is required

Maryland

Moped Definition
A moped is a bicyle that meets the following requirements:

  1. Is designed to be propelled by human power with some assistance from a motor.
  2. Has pedals that drive the bicyle mechanically
  3. Has two or three wheels, of which are more than 14 inches in diameter
  4. Has a motor with a rating of 1.5 brake horsepower or less, and, if the motor is an internal combustion engine,a capacity of 50 cubic centimeters piston displacement or less.

Mopeds are also not allowed to be operated at a speed greater than 30 MPH on public roads and highways.

Motor Scooter Definition
A motor scooter is a type of non-pedaled vehicle that meets the following standards:

  1. Has two wheels, of which one is 10 inches or more in diameter
  2. Has a seat for the operator
  3. Has a step-through chassis
  4. Is equipped with an automatic transmission.
  5. Has a motor with a rating of 2.7 brake horsepower or less, and if the motor is an internal combustion engine,with a capacity of 50 cubic centimeters piston displacement or less.

Generally, motor scooters can achieve a speed of up to 40 MPH, but this varies by the manufacturer and model that you have. However, a motor scooter is not allowed to exceed the speed of 30 MPH on public roadways.

Scooter Definition
A scooter is a two-wheeled vehicle that has handlebars and is designed to be stood on by the operator. These devices cannot be legally operated on public roadways or sidewalks.

Moped Licensing
To operate a moped in Maryland, riders must have a valid drivers license from which ever state that they live in, or a valid Maryland moped operator's permit issued by the Maryland MVA. Failure to present the proper licenses needed will result in a fine of around $315.

Moped Traffic Laws

  • Moped operators are not required to wear a helmet.
  • Mopeds may not be operated at speed greater than 30mph
  • Mopeds cannot be operated on highways that have a speed limit greater than 50mph.
  • Where there is a bike lane paved to a smooth surface or a shoulder paved to a smooth surface, a person operating a bicycle or a motor scooter shall use the bike lane or shoulder and may not ride on the roadway, except for common traffic procedures, which include:
  1. overtaking and passing another bicycle, motor scooter, pedestrian, or other vehicle within the bike lane or shoulder if the overtaking and passing cannot be done safely within the bike lane or shoulder
  2. preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into an alley, private road, or driveway
  3. When reasonably necessary to leave the bike lane or shoulder to avoid debris or other hazardous condition
  4. When reasonably necessary to leave the bike lane or shoulder because the bike lane or shoulder is overlaid with a right turn lane, merge lane, or other marking that breaks the continuity of the bike lane or shoulder.
  1. Gas and electric motorized toy scooters cannot be operated on sidewalks
  2. A person may not operate a bicycle or a motor scooter on any highway or roadway while the person is wearing any headset covering both ears

Moped and Motor Scooter Registration
All "motor vehicles" are required to be registered in Maryland, but vehicles classified as either motor scooters or mopeds are exempt from this law. So all mopeds and motor scooters do not need to be registered with tags in Maryland. Maryland Helmet Law Changes

In the 2006 legislative session in Maryland, House Bill 496 (PDF) brings up the debate about whether helmets should be required for the riders and operators of mopeds and motor scooters. The bill introduces the idea of making moped and motor scooter operators required to wear helmet and eye protection, just like the motorcycle laws. The law suggests riders under the age of 21 be required to abide by this law. Riders and operators over 21 would not be required to wear a helmet or eye protection if they can provide proof of proper medical insurance.

References
Laws from the State Highway Administration

Massachusetts

According to Massachusetts law, a moped is a "motorized bicycle." In order to be classified as a moped, the vehicle must:

  • Have a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cubic centimeters.
  • Have an automatic transmission.
  • Be capable of a maximum speed of no more than 30 miles per hour.
  • Comply with all applicable federal motor vehicle safety standards.

A moped sticker, issued by the RMV, must be affixed to the moped. This sticker will not be issued unless the vehicle meets the above requirements.

Operating Requirements

  • Moped operators are subject to the traffic laws, rules and regulations of the Commonwealth.
  • Mopeds will have the right to use all public ways in the Commonwealth, except limited access or express state highways where signs prohibiting bicycles have been posted.* Mopeds may use bicycle lanes next to various ways but are excluded from off street recreational paths.
  • Moped operators must signal their intention to stop or turn by using either hand.
  • Mopeds may keep right when passing a motor vehicle which is in the travel lane of a way.

Restrictions When Operating a Moped. Mopeds will not be operated:

  • By any person under 16 years of age.
  • By any person who does not have a valid license or permit.
  • At a speed greater than 25 miles per hour.
  • Without the operator and any passenger wearing a DOT standard helmet.

Taken from Massachusetts RMV moped page.

Michigan

  • A moped is defined as a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with a motor which has no more than 50cc piston displacement producing two brake horsepower or less.
  • A moped must have a power drive system that does not require shifting gears and cannot have a top speed exceeding 30 mph on level surfaces.
  • If you have a valid motor vehicle license, you are allowed to operate a moped on public roadways.
  • If you do not have a valid license and are at least age 15, you may apply for a moped license at a Secretary of State branch office.
  • Mopeds must follow the same traffic rules as other motor vehicles.
  • Mopeds must be registered at a Secretary of State branch office unless operated solely on private property.
  • Mopeds do not require license plates.
  • There is a $15 fee for a three-year registration decal.
  • Moped operators under the age of 19 must wear a helmet.
  • Mopeds may not carry passengers.
  • Mopeds may not be ridden on bicycle paths.

Taken from Michigan secretary of State moped pages.

Minnesota

  • A moped means a bicycle that is propelled by an electric or a liquid fuel motor of a piston displacement capacity of 50 cubic centimeters or less, and a maximum of two brake horsepower, which is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface with not more than one percent grade in any direction when the motor is engaged
  • You must have a driver's license in order to drive a moped legally
  • If you are under the age of 16, you can drive a moped by taking classes and obtaining a moped endorcement
  • Protective headgear is required for persons under 18
  • A moped can be driven at night as long as it is equipped with a headlight and taillght, meeting the requirements of lighting for motorcycles
  • Any bike made after June 1, 1987 must have a headlight
  • Insurance is required
  • A title or proof of sale (with a photograph of the moped) is required for registration
  • Moped plate issued
  • Does not require inspection.

Missouri

Taken from MO Dept. of Revenue site

Licensing for a scooter or moped depends on whether the vehicle meets the definition of a motorized bicycle. The Missouri statute definition of a motorized bicycle is as follows:

"Any two-wheeled or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground."

A motorized bicycle does not have to be registered with the Missouri Department of Revenue. However, you must have a valid driver license (though no motorcycle endorsement is required).

Missouri statute does not require a helmet to be worn when operating a motorized bicycle. Please contact your local law enforcement agencies for any county/municipal codes that deal with helmets and motorized bicycles.

Keep in mind that no motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this state that has been designated as part of the federal interstate highway system.

New Jersey

Motorized bicycle (moped) license

A moped (motorized bicycle) is defined by law as a pedal bicycle with a "helper-motor" capable of a maximum speed of no more than 25 miles per hour on a flat surface. A moped has a maximum displacement of less than 50 cubic centimeters (no more than 1.5 brake horsepower).

How to get a moped license:

  • You must be at least 15 years old .
  • Visit an MVC Agency to complete an application for a moped permit.
  • Pass the 6 Point ID Verification.
  • Pay $5 examination permit fee.
  • Pass the knowledge and vision tests to validate your permit. Study by reading the Driver Manual and Motorcycle Manual [524k pdf]
  • You must practice with a permit for at least 20 days before being eligible to take the road test
  • If you pass the road test, take your permit, ride slip and score sheet to an MVC Agency to receive your license and pay the $6 license fee.

Possible reasons you can fail the road test:

  • You lack the equipment required by state regulations.
  • Have no helmet.
  • Have unapproved goggles or face shield.
  • Your horn cannot be heard from at least 100 feet away.

http://www.state.nj.us/mvc/Licenses/MotorizedBicycle.htm

New York

Moped class determined by range of top speed:

Class A Mopeds

  • Mopeds over 30mph to 40mph
  • Class M/MJ license required
  • Headlight must be on at all times when operating
  • Insurance required
  • Registration required
  • Helmet & eye protection required
  • May operate on any traffic lane
  • Inspection required
  • No title required

Class B Mopeds

  • Over 20mph to 30mph
  • Any class license
  • Registration required
  • Headlight must be on at all times when operating
  • Helmet and eye protection required
  • May operate on Right-Hand lane or Shoulder only
  • Insurance required
  • No inspection required
  • No title required

Class C Mopeds

  • 20mph or less
  • Any class license
  • Registration required
  • Headlight must be on at all times when operating
  • No helmet and eye protection required
  • May operate on Right-hand lane or Shoulder only
  • No insurance required
  • No inspection required
  • No title required

Nevada

  • A moped is a vehicle which looks and handles essentially like a bicycle and is propelled by a small engine which produces not more than 2 gross brake horsepower
  • A moped has a displacement of not more than 50 cubic centimeters and is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface.
  • You must have a normal Class C or higher driver license to drive a moped or motorized bicycle on a public street.
  • You do not need a Class M license.
  • Mopeds do not require insurance or vehicle registration.
  • If the moped is more than 50cc, it is considered a motorcycle and you must have a Class M license, registration and insurance.
  • Mopeds must have the same safety equipment (lights, mirrors, etc.) as a motorcycle in order to be driven on any public street.
  • Other vehicles with a small engine are considered off-road motor vehicles and may not be operated on public streets.

Taken from the Nevada DMV website.

North Carolina

A moped...

  • Has no external shifter.
  • Does not exceed 32 mph on flat ground.
  • Has an engine less than 50cc.

Oregon

A moped...

  • is designed to be operated on the ground upon wheels;
  • has a seat or saddle for use of the rider;
  • is designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with the ground;
  • is equipped with an independent power source that is capable of propelling the vehicle, unassisted, at a speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a level road surface; and if the power source is a combustion engine, has a piston or rotor displacement of 35.01 to 50 cubic centimeters regardless of the number of chambers in the power source; and
  • is equipped with a power drive system that functions directly or automatically only and does not require clutching or shifting by the operator after the system is engaged.

Taken From http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/DMV/vehicle/pocketbike_factsheet.shtml

Other Info:

  • Minimum Age: 16
  • License: Yes, normal drivers license
  • Registration: Yes
  • Insurance: Yes (Talk to the Puddle Cutters about this)
  • Helmet: Yes DOT
  • Lights: Yes
  • Maximum Speed: 30mph
  • May ride in bike lane with engine off.

Pennsylvania

  • Class C (car) required on Driver’s License.
  • Insurance is required.
  • Annual registration fee is $9.00.
  • A title is required for registration - What - you don't have one?
  • Moped plate issued.
  • No helmet or eye protection required for driver.
  • Does not require inspection.
  • Design speed may not be more than 25 miles per hour.
  • Engine may not exceed 50 cubic centimeters.
  • Engine may not exceed 1.5 brake horsepower rating.
  • Operable pedals required.
  • Automatic transmission required.
  • An electric motor-driven-cycle equipped with operable pedals and powered by an electric battery is defined as a moped also.

South Dakota

  • A valid class 1 license is needed
  • Moped must be 50cc or under
  • Some form or eye protection must be worn
  • Title, registration, insurance, and license plates are NOT required

Tennessee

  • "Motorized bicycle" means a vehicle with two (2) or three (3) wheels, an automatic transmission, and a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding fifty cubic centimeters (50cc) which produces no more than two (2) brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the vehicle at a maximum design speed of no more than thirty miles per hour (30 mph) on level ground. The operator of a motorized bicycle must be in possession of a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, and shall be subject to all applicable and practical rules of the road. A motorized bicycle may not be operated on a highway of the interstate and defense highway system, any similar limited access multilane divided highway, or upon sidewalks;
  • "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five (5) brake horsepower, or with a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding one hundred twenty-five cubic centimeters (125cc);
  • The driver of a motorcycle, motorized bicycle, as defined in chapter 8 of this title, or motor-driven cycle, and any passenger on any of these, shall be required to wear either a crash helmet meeting federal standards contained in 49 CFR 571.218
  • Every motorcycle or motor-driven cycle operated upon any highway or public road of this state shall be equipped with a windshield, or, in the alternative, the operator and any passenger on any such motorcycle or motor-driven cycle shall be required to wear safety goggles, face shields, or glasses containing impact resistant lenses.
  • Every motor vehicle or motorized bicycle, as defined in chapter 8 of this title, and every trailer, semi-trailer, and pole trailer as defined by § 55-1-105, when driven or moved upon a highway, and every mobile home or house trailer when occupied shall be subject to the registration and certificate of title provisions of chapters 1-6 of this title, except:

(7) Motorized bicycles, except when voluntarily registered under the provisions of § 55-4-101

  • The owner of a motorized bicycle may, subject to the approval of the commissioner, apply for registration and registration plates for such motorized bicycle. The commissioner shall by regulation provide for the manner in which such single applications are to be made and the conditions under which they may be allowed; however, this provision shall not be construed as granting the commissioner authority to issue such registration and plates on any basis other than as is required in this chapter. Each applicant for registration under this provision shall be charged the same registration taxes imposed on Class (A) motor vehicles by § 55-4-111.

Vermont

Definition is 50cc. License required. Registration required. Insurance required. Inspection required-horn, lights, no cracked tires. With pedals is about $13.00 plus mandatory 6% taxation on minimum $200.00 value on transfers and new registrations. Without pedals is classified as a motorcycle and subject to a higher fee of about $39.00 plus tax.

Washington

  • A moped is any two or three-wheeled vehicle that has wheels at least 16 inches in diameter.
  • Is powered by a 50cc or smaller motor.
  • Is capable of a maximum speed of 30 mph or less on level ground.
  • Must meet the same equipment requirements as motor-driven cycles or motorcycles to be operated on public roadways.
  • Operators must be 16 and have a valid driver license.
  • No special endorsement is required.

Taken from [Washington State Licensing website].

Wisconsin

  • Any class licence
  • No more than 30 mph on level ground with a 150 pound driver, and no wind
  • Allowed to park anyplace a bicycle is allowed
  • No insurance or inspection
  • Title, registration and plates are required.
  • No daylight headlight requirement
  • No helmet requirement
  • Mopeds cannot carry passengers
  • No flag requirement
  • <= 50cc with single speed or automatic transmission, or <=130cc with pedals.
  • http://www.dot.wisconsin.gov/safety/vehicle/motorcycle/mopeds.htm

See Also