Moped Laws: United States

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Laws for legal moped usage vary by state in America. You may be able to find information on your state's transportation website but the following are likely to be more useful as some states make it hard to find moped related information.


  • A valid Class D (Operator) license is needed
  • Moped must be 50cc or less
  • Moped must be restricted to 25 m.p.h. and 1.5 braking hp.
  • Mopeds are not titled, but must be registered
    • A notarized bill of sale and MVD inspection is required for registration
    • Registration is $5.00 plus $4.50 tax
  • A helmet is required only if the operator is under 18 years of age


  • Motorized bicycle is defined as a vehicle having two or three wheels, a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50cc, and an automatic transmission which produces a maximum design speed of not more than thirty miles per hour on a flat surface.
  • A valid driver's license or minor driver's license is required.
  • May not be operated on an interstate system.
  • May be driven in bicycle lanes.
  • Registration is required, with a fee of $5.00. It is valid for 3 years.
  • A person riding a motorized bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
  • No motorized bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.
  • No person riding upon any motorized bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled, or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
  • Every person operating a motorized bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as close to the right side of the roadway as practicable.
  • Persons riding motorized bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast.
  • Motorized bicycles must be equipped with a headlight visible from at least 500 feet away.
  • Motorized bicycles must be equipped with a horn audible from at least 100 feet away.

Taken mostly verbatim from the Colorado Revised Statutes.


  • Moped Defined: Any vehicle with pedals to permit propulsion by human power, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels, with a motor rated not in excess of 2 brake horsepower and not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed greater than 30 miles per hour on level ground, and with a power-drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting gears by the operator after the drive system is engaged. If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic centimeters.
  • Registration is REQUIRED, NO Title is required. This vehicle can be operated on the roadways of this state.
  • Can not have electric start.

Taken from the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles website. [1]


  • You must have a valid drivers license
  • You must have a title for the moped
  • You must register the moped with the state
  • You must have plates on the moped
  • You must have insurance for the moped.
  • LAWS: Moped drivers must obey all signs, signals and traffic laws. They also must obey most bicycle laws.
  • SPEED: A moped may not go over 30 miles per hour.
  • PASSENGERS: Moped drivers may carry a passenger only when the moped is made for two people. Equipment must include a passenger seat and a passenger footrest.
  • EQUIPMENT: If a moped is driven at night, it must have a headlight visible from at least 500 ft. A moped must also have a red reflector on the rear visible from at least 100 to 600 ft.

Taken from[2]


According to Massachusetts law, a moped is a "motorized bicycle." In order to be classified as a moped, the vehicle must:

  • Have a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cubic centimeters.
  • Have an automatic transmission.
  • Be capable of a maximum speed of no more than 30 miles per hour.
  • Comply with all applicable federal motor vehicle safety standards.

A moped sticker, issued by the RMV, must be affixed to the moped. This sticker will not be issued unless the vehicle meets the above requirements.

Operating Requirements

  • Moped operators are subject to the traffic laws, rules and regulations of the Commonwealth.
  • Mopeds will have the right to use all public ways in the Commonwealth, except limited access or express state highways where signs prohibiting bicycles have been posted.* Mopeds may use bicycle lanes next to various ways but are excluded from off street recreational paths.
  • Moped operators must signal their intention to stop or turn by using either hand.
  • Mopeds may keep right when passing a motor vehicle which is in the travel lane of a way.

Restrictions When Operating a Moped. Mopeds will not be operated:

  • By any person under 16 years of age.
  • By any person who does not have a valid license or permit.
  • At a speed greater than 25 miles per hour.
  • Without the operator and any passenger wearing a DOT standard helmet.

Taken from Massachusetts RMV moped page.


  • A moped is defined as a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with a motor which has no more than 50cc piston displacement producing two brake horsepower or less.
  • A moped must have a power drive system that does not require shifting gears and cannot have a top speed exceeding 30 mph on level surfaces.
  • If you have a valid motor vehicle license, you are allowed to operate a moped on public roadways.
  • If you do not have a valid license and are at least age 15, you may apply for a moped license at a Secretary of State branch office.
  • Mopeds must follow the same traffic rules as other motor vehicles.
  • Mopeds must be registered at a Secretary of State branch office unless operated solely on private property.
  • Mopeds do not require license plates.
  • There is a $15 fee for a three-year registration decal.
  • Moped operators under the age of 19 must wear a helmet.
  • Mopeds may not carry passengers.
  • Mopeds may not be ridden on bicycle paths.

Taken from Michigan secretary of State moped pages.


  • A moped means a bicycle that is propelled by an electric or a liquid fuel motor of a piston displacement capacity of 50 cubic centimeters or less, and a maximum of two brake horsepower, which is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface with not more than one percent grade in any direction when the motor is engaged
  • You must have a driver's license in order to drive a moped legally
  • If you are under the age of 16, you can drive a moped by taking classes and obtaining a moped endorcement
  • Protective headgear is required for persons under 18
  • A moped can be driven at night as long as it is equipped with a headlight and taillght, meeting the requirements of lighting for motorcycles
  • Any bike made after June 1, 1987 must have a headlight
  • Insurance is required
  • A title or proof of sale (with a photograph of the moped) is required for registration
  • Moped plate issued
  • Does not require inspection.


  • A moped is a vehicle which looks and handles essentially like a bicycle and is propelled by a small engine which produces not more than 2 gross brake horsepower
  • A moped has a displacement of not more than 50 cubic centimeters and is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface.
  • You must have a normal Class C or higher driver license to drive a moped or motorized bicycle on a public street.
  • You do not need a Class M license.
  • Mopeds do not require insurance or vehicle registration.
  • If the moped is more than 50cc, it is considered a motorcycle and you must have a Class M license, registration and insurance.
  • Mopeds must have the same safety equipment (lights, mirrors, etc.) as a motorcycle in order to be driven on any public street.
  • Other vehicles with a small engine are considered off-road motor vehicles and may not be operated on public streets.

Taken from the Nevada DMV website.


  • Class C (car) required on Driver’s License.
  • Insurance is required.
  • Annual registration fee is $9.00.
  • A title is required for registration - What - you don't have one?
  • Moped plate issued.
  • No helmet or eye protection required for driver.
  • Does not require inspection.
  • Design speed may not be more than 25 miles per hour.
  • Engine may not exceed 50 cubic centimeters.
  • Engine may not exceed 1.5 brake horsepower rating.
  • Operable pedals required.
  • Automatic transmission required.
  • An electric motor-driven-cycle equipped with operable pedals and powered by an electric battery is defined as a moped also.

South Dakota

  • A valid class 1 license is needed
  • Moped must be 50cc or under
  • Some form or eye protection must be worn
  • Title, registration, insurance, and license plates are NOT required


  • "Motorized bicycle" means a vehicle with two (2) or three (3) wheels, an automatic transmission, and a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding fifty cubic centimeters (50cc) which produces no more than two (2) brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the vehicle at a maximum design speed of no more than thirty miles per hour (30 mph) on level ground. The operator of a motorized bicycle must be in possession of a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, and shall be subject to all applicable and practical rules of the road. A motorized bicycle may not be operated on a highway of the interstate and defense highway system, any similar limited access multilane divided highway, or upon sidewalks;
  • "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five (5) brake horsepower, or with a motor with a cylinder capacity not exceeding one hundred twenty-five cubic centimeters (125cc);
  • The driver of a motorcycle, motorized bicycle, as defined in chapter 8 of this title, or motor-driven cycle, and any passenger on any of these, shall be required to wear either a crash helmet meeting federal standards contained in 49 CFR 571.218
  • Every motorcycle or motor-driven cycle operated upon any highway or public road of this state shall be equipped with a windshield, or, in the alternative, the operator and any passenger on any such motorcycle or motor-driven cycle shall be required to wear safety goggles, face shields, or glasses containing impact resistant lenses.
  • Every motor vehicle or motorized bicycle, as defined in chapter 8 of this title, and every trailer, semi-trailer, and pole trailer as defined by § 55-1-105, when driven or moved upon a highway, and every mobile home or house trailer when occupied shall be subject to the registration and certificate of title provisions of chapters 1-6 of this title, except:

(7) Motorized bicycles, except when voluntarily registered under the provisions of § 55-4-101

  • The owner of a motorized bicycle may, subject to the approval of the commissioner, apply for registration and registration plates for such motorized bicycle. The commissioner shall by regulation provide for the manner in which such single applications are to be made and the conditions under which they may be allowed; however, this provision shall not be construed as granting the commissioner authority to issue such registration and plates on any basis other than as is required in this chapter. Each applicant for registration under this provision shall be charged the same registration taxes imposed on Class (A) motor vehicles by § 55-4-111.


Maine Moped Laws


  • You must have an operator's license to operate all scooters and mopeds on a public way.
  • All mopeds and many scooters must be registered.

*Legal definition of Moped

  • A moped is a vehicle with not less than 2 brake horsepower.
  • A moped does not exceed 50 cc's and cannot exceed 30 miles per hour on a flat surface.
  • A moped is equipped with a power drive system that functions automatically and does not require shifting.
  • A moped may or may not have foot pedals

Legal Requirements

  • An operator's license or a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle or moped endorsement or restriction is required.
  • Registration is required.
  • A moped must be operated single file and as far to the right at all times, except when turning left.
  • Operator of a moped must obey all other traffic laws.
  • Liability Insurance is required

New Jersey

Motorized bicycle (moped) license

A moped (motorized bicycle) is defined by law as a pedal bicycle with a "helper-motor" capable of a maximum speed of no more than 25 miles per hour on a flat surface. A moped has a maximum displacement of less than 50 cubic centimeters (no more than 1.5 brake horsepower).

How to get a moped license:

  • You must be at least 15 years old .
  • Visit an MVC Agency to complete an application for a moped permit.
  • Pass the 6 Point ID Verification.
  • Pay $5 examination permit fee.
  • Pass the knowledge and vision tests to validate your permit. Study by reading the Driver Manual and Motorcycle Manual [524k pdf]
  • You must practice with a permit for at least 20 days before being eligible to take the road test
  • If you pass the road test, take your permit, ride slip and score sheet to an MVC Agency to receive your license and pay the $6 license fee.

Possible reasons you can fail the road test:

  • You lack the equipment required by state regulations.
  • Have no helmet.
  • Have unapproved goggles or face shield.
  • Your horn cannot be heard from at least 100 feet away.

New York

Moped class determined by range of top speed:

Class A Mopeds

  • Mopeds over 30mph to 40mph
  • Class M/MJ license required
  • Headlight must be on at all times when operating
  • Insurance required
  • Registration required
  • Helmet & eye protection required
  • May operate on any traffic lane
  • Inspection required
  • No title required

Class B Mopeds

  • Over 20mph to 30mph
  • Any class license
  • Registration required
  • Headlight must be on at all times when operating
  • Helmet and eye protection required
  • May operate on Right-Hand lane or Shoulder only
  • Insurance required
  • No inspection required
  • No title required

Class C Mopeds

  • 20mph or less
  • Any class license
  • Registration required
  • Headlight must be on at all times when operating
  • No helmet and eye protection required
  • May operate on Right-hand lane or Shoulder only
  • No insurance required
  • No inspection required
  • No title required


  • A moped is any two or three-wheeled vehicle that has wheels at least 16 inches in diameter.
  • Is powered by a 50cc or smaller motor.
  • Is capable of a maximum speed of 30 mph or less on level ground.
  • Must meet the same equipment requirements as motor-driven cycles or motorcycles to be operated on public roadways.
  • Operators must be 16 and have a valid driver license.
  • No special endorsement is required.

Taken from [Washington State Licensing website].


  • Any class licence
  • No more than 30 mph on level ground with a 150 pound driver, and no wind
  • Allowed to park anyplace a bicycle is allowed
  • No insurance or inspection
  • Title, registration and plates are required.
  • No daylight headlight requirement
  • No helmet requirement
  • Mopeds cannot carry passengers
  • No flag requirement

See Also